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Dr. Manoranjan Kumar

Principal Scientist (Soil & Water Conservation Engineering).

Education : Ph.D. in Soil & Water Conservation Engg.
Major research areas : Water resource development and management, Hydrological modeling, MIcro-irrigation system and Watershed management
E-mail : manoranjan.kumar@icar.gov.in

Degree/Examination University/ Institution Year
Ph.D. IIT, Kharagpur 2003
Master of Technology IIT, Kharagpur 1998
Bachelor of Technology JNKVV, Jabalpur 1996

PG diploma in Technology Management in Agriculture

University of Hyderabad 2020
Any other GATE* – 1995, 1996 NET – 1998, 1999
• Graduate scholarship for master degree
• Post-graduate scholarship for doctorate degree

Experience profile

Organisation Designation From To

Nature of Experience

ICAR-CRIDA, Hyderabad

Principal Scientist

Grade pay: 10000
01/07/2015 continuing

Research and management

ICAR-CRIDA, Hyderabad Senior Scientist
Grade pay: 9000
01/07/2012 30/06/2015

Research and management

ICAR-CRIDA, Hyderabad Senior Scientist
Grade pay: 8000
01/07/2009 30/06/2012

Research and management

ICAR-VPKAS, Almora Scientist (Senior scale)
Grade pay: 7000
19/09//2005 30/06/2009

Research management, transfer of technology

Scale: 8000-13500
19/09/2001 18/09/2005

Research, transfer of technology

ICAR-NAARM, Hyderabad

Scientist (on deputation)

Scale: 8000-13500
03/01/2002 02/05/2002

Research Management tools

Professional Trainings

1. “Management development program on leadership development” from ICAR- National Academy of Agricultural Research and Management, Hyderabad

2. “Capacity Development for Farm Management Strategies to improve Crop Water Productivity using AQUACROP”- a new crop model of FAO, Rome - ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture and FAO, Rome

3. “GIS for landscape planning” - International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics, Hyderabad and University of Florida

4. “Water Harvesting Techniques and Bio-engineering Measures for Drainage Line Treatment” - ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation (earlier CSWCRTI), Dehradun

5. Training on Agril. Research and Management (74th FOCARS) - ICAR-National Academy of Agricultural Research and Management, Hyderabad

Work experience
Projects currently handling

1. National innovations on climate resilient agriculture – Technology demonstration components (looking after the implementation in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim state)

2. Development action plans for schedule tribe (nodal officer at CRIDA)

Completed Projects a. In-house funded projects

1. Water Harvesting and Management of Water Resources for Higher Use-efficiencies in Crop Production (2002-2007)>

2. Efficient rainfed hill farming systems integrating agro-ecosystem and traditional agriculture for food and environment security (2002-2007)

3. Use of Plastics in Agriculture Particularly in Protected Cultivation, Water Harvesting and packaging (2007-2009)

4. Design and Development of cost-effective water management for selected crops in red soil (2009-12)

5. Optimization of water lifting and distribution of harvested water (2009-12)

6. Development of DSS for Real time Water Balance Modeling (2011-2014)

7. Development of dual energy pumpset for lifting harvested water from farm pond and shallow dug well (2012-2016)

8. Design, construction and evaluation of field bunds using plastics and bioengineering techniques (2013-2017)

9. Development of water application system (WAS) software for efficient utilization of farm pond water (2014-2017)

10. Integrated watershed management for resilient farming system and improved and sustainable rural livelihood (2015-2022)

11. Development of fodder based cropping system to improve livelihood security in rainfed areas (2016-2021)

12. Design and development of sub-surface water harvesting and recycling system for augmentation of farm pond in dryland agriculture (2019-24)

b. External funded projects

1. Application of Plastics in Agriculture (2001-2007)

2. Training and demonstration on efficient water management through micro-irrigation system in terraced land for growing vegetables (2004-2009) – Funded by Horticulture Technology Mission, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India

3. On farm sustainable production and demonstration of fruits and vegetables based farming system (2004-2009) - Funded by orticulture Technology Mission, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India

4. Demonstration of Storage and Application System for Efficient Water Utilization in Major Crops of Uttarakhand Hills through participatory approach (2008-2009) – funded by Central Water Commission

5. Enhancement of Livelihood Security through Sustainable Farming Systems and Related Farm Enterprises in North-West Himalaya (2007-2009) – Funded by National Agricultural Innovation Project

6. Modeling soil water balance under elevated CO2 and temperature in rainfed crops by using precision weighing type lysimeters (2012-2017) – Funded by National Initiative on climate resilient agriculture

7. Potential of rain water harvesting and recycling as an adaptation strategy to climate variability/change in rainfed crops (2012-2017) - Funded by National Initiative on climate resilient agriculture

8. SCADA based rainfall simulation facility for assessing the impact of climate change on resource loss in rainfed crops (2012-2017) - Funded by National Initiative on climate resilient agriculture

9. Development and Management of Integrated Water Resources in different Agro-ecological Regional of India (2016-2021) – Funded by ICAR – consortia research project on water

10. Feed the Future- India Triangular Training (FTF-ITT) (2018) – funded by USAID and Ministry of external affairs, Government of India

c. Consultancy Projects

1. Evaluation and Impact Assessment of NABARD watersheds in Chittoor and Kadapa districts (2012-2013) – sponsored by NABARD

2. Impact Evaluation study of Watershed projects in AP and Telangana (2013-14) – sponsored by NABARD

3. Impact evaluation study of Watershed Projects in U.P (2015-2016) - sponsored by NABARD

4. Water Resource Development for Ground water Recharge in the surrounding areas of M/s Bharathi Cement Corporation Pvt Ltd, Kadapa (2015-16) – sponsored by M/s Bharathi Cement Corporation Pvt Ltd, Kadapa

5. Soil and Moisture Conservation Plan of Mining Area of JSW Steels in Sandur Taluk, Ballari, Karnataka (2018) – sponsored by M/s JSW Steels, Toranagallu, Ballari, Karnataka

6. Plan of Biological Measures for Soil Moisture Conservation for JSW MAIN PIPE CONVEYOR Project, Ballari Karnataka (2019) - sponsored by M/s JSW Steels, Toranagallu, Ballari, Karnataka

7. Development Plan of Water Harvesting and Recycling System for Meat Processing Plant (Zero discharge) of Frigerio Conserva Allana Pvt. Limited, Zaheerabad (2020-2021) – sponsored by Frigerio Conserva Allana Pvt Ltd, Mumbai

8. Soil and moisture conservation plan of mining area of JSW Steel Ltd. in Chitradurga (Bhomman Iron Ore Mine) District of Karnataka (2022-2023) – sponsored by M/s JSW Steels, Toranagallu, Ballari, Karnataka

9. Impact Evaluation Studies of Completed Tribal Development Fund (TDF) and Watershed Development Projects in Rajasthan (2023) – sponsored by NABARD


1. Fellow, Institution of engineers, India

2. Fellow, Indian Water Resource Society, IIT – Roorkee

3. Chartered Engineer, Institution of Engineers, India

4. Director (Soil and Water Engineering), Indian Society of Agricultural Engineering (2018-2021)

Development of Technologies/Package of Practices/Concept/Policy

1. Methodology for application of Artificial Neural Network in modeling of hydrological processes

2. Development of GANN (Generalized Artificial Neural Networks) model for evapotranspiration

3. Modeling of hydrological process using ensembled machine learning algorithm

4. Concept of field dikes using HDPE plastic

5. Integration of water Harvesting and gravity operated micro-irrigation system for Efficient Water Management in Terraced Land

6. Remedial conservation measures to overcome the moisture stress conditions

7. Development and popularization of low-cost LDPE film lined water harvesting tanks in NW Himalaya

8. Irrigation scheduling of gravity based micro irrigation system

9. Low cost solar based water lifting and distribution system for small farm ponds

10. Intervention of plastics in agricultural machines

11. Dynamics of Well Irrigation Systems and CO2 Emissions in different Agroecosystems

12. Climate Change Analysis in Southern Telangana Region

13. Development of SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) system-based rainfall simulator and precision weighing type Lysimeters for study of soil water balance under elevated CO2 and Temperature

14. District level Atlas on climate change impacts on crop water balance of different crops in rainfed district of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

15. Spatial modeling approach for real time water balance and data retrieval system for decision support system

Research paper published (Best 10)

1. Kumar, M, Raghuwanshi, N S, Singh, R., Wallander, W. W., and Pruitt, W. O. 2002. Evapotranspiration estimation using artificial neural network. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, ASCE 128(4): 224:233 pp.

2. Kumar M., Raghuwanshi, N. S. and Singh R. 2011. Artificial Neural Networks Approach in Evapotranspiration Modeling: A Review. Irrigation Science, vol. 29, no 1 11-25pp

3. Kumar, M., Bandhyopadhyay, A., Raghuwanshi, N.S., and Singh, R. 2008. Comparative study of conventional and artificial neural network-based ETo estimation models. Irrigation Science, Springer, vol. 26 (6): 531:545pp

4. Kumar, M, Raghuwanshi, N.S. and Singh, R. 2009. Development and validation of generalized artificial neural network (GANN) model for evapotranspiration estimation. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, ASCE, Vol.44, No.2:131-140pp

5. Yash Agrawal, Manoranjan Kumar, Supriya Ananthakrishnan and Gopalakrishnan Kumarapuram, 2022, Evapotranspiration modeling using different tree based ensembled machine learning algorithm. Water resource management. 36, 1025–1042 (2022) (Corresponding author)

6. M Kumar, K S Reddy, R V Adake and CVK Nageshwar Rao. 2015. Solar Powered Micro-Irrigation System for Small Holders of Dryland Agriculture in India. Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 158 (2015), 112-119

7. Kumar, M., Kumar, N., Singh, K P, Kumar, P. And Srivastva, A K. 2009. Integrating Water Harvesting and Gravity-fed icro-irrigation System for Efficient Water Management in Terraced Land for Growing Vegetables. Biosystems Engineering, 102 (1) 106-113pp

8. M Kumar, KP Singh, K Srinivas and KS Reddy. 2014. In-situ water conservation in Upland Paddy Field to Improve Productivity in North-west Himalayan Region of India. Paddy water and environment, Volume 12, issue 1, 181-191pp

9. Manoranjan Kumar, Ravikant V. Adake, K. Srinivas Reddy, K Sammi Reddy. 2022. Development of green energy based micro-sprinkler irrigation system for small holdings of SAT region. Cleaner Engineering and Technology 7 (2022) 100433; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clet.2022.100433

10. Manoranjan Kumar, K S Reddy and K Sammi Reddy. 2020. Regional Scale Cropping Systems Management Options in Telangana Using WorldClim Data. Journal of Agrometeorology, 22(4): 439-448, 2020.